During 2002 alone, 3.1 million people died of AIDS and another 5 million were newly infected. Young people ages 15-24 account for 42 percent of new HIV infections and represent almost one-third of people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide.

South Africa is home to the largest number of HIV-positive people in the world. Approximately 3.5 million new HIV infections occurred in sub-Saharan Africa in 2002, with youth and women most infected. To protect their community’s younger generation from the scourge of AIDS and help prevent new infections, some village leaders in South Africa’s impoverished Eastern Cape Province are promoting abstinence.With support from the U.S.

After more than two decades of war, the health of Afghanistan's people is ranked among the worst in the world. More than 800 children die every day, largely from preventable diseases. Nearly 1 in 4 Afghan children will not reach his or her fifth birthday, and their mothers do not fare much better. An Afghan woman is 100 times more likely to die of pregnancy-related problems than her American counterpart. These deaths are preventable.