USAID Eliminate TB Project


The five-year USAID Eliminate TB Project builds on MSH’s contributions to Ethiopia’s TB control efforts for the past 15 years. Collaborating with longtime partner KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation and three local partners, Amhara Development Association (ADA), Oromia Development Association (ODA), and REACH Ethiopia, MSH will work to reduce TB incidence and mortality by engaging public and private sector players to improve the quality and sustainability of TB services in Ethiopia. 

The MSH team will support cost-effective strategies to: 

  • Boost the health care system in both the public and private sectors to increase access to early TB diagnosis and treatment and to alleviate unnecessary costs for patients
  • Support the government of Ethiopia to target case detection based on prevalence, introduce highly sensitive and specific diagnostic and screening tools, and boost prevention and treatment for latent TB infection
  • Emphasize country ownership and sustainability, working with the Ethiopian government to more effectively mobilize and use domestic resources and to implement, manage, and report on all programmatic activities. 

The project will also engage communities, civil society organizations, and other private partners at the local level in TB prevention and control.


TB survivors meet with Samantha Power in Ethiopia
Elevating TB Survivors’ Stories

During a visit to Ethiopia, USAID Administrator Samantha Power met with husband and wife Kitaw and Sara Tekilemariam. Kitaw’s multidrug-resistant TB took three years of daily TB medicine to treat, while Sara’s TB rendered her unable to walk. Sara now walks with the aid of a cane, and Kitaw is the CEO of a local nonprofit that works to eliminate TB in Ethiopia. 

TB TV ads in Ethiopia inset image
Educating Mothers on TB Prevention

Tadelech Tefera, a TB nurse, started educational classes for more than 100 mothers in her community after attending training provided by the Eliminate TB Project. Many mothers from her classes have since started their children on TB preventive treatment. 

Ethiopia TB TV adds
Ads Increase TB Preventive Treatment

Children are especially vulnerable to contracting TB due to their underdeveloped immune systems and how contagious it is. Partnering with the Ministry of Health, the Eliminate TB Project created TV and radio ads to educate the community on TB preventive treatment.

Gardening for health Ethiopia
Gardening for Treatment Adherence

Health worker Betiglu Legesse gives his TB patients a container, some soil, and a plant seedling. Every day the patients comes to the facility to care for their plants and receive their TB medicine. Over time, treatment adherence has increased in his health facility.

Strengthening Lab Capacity to Save Lives: How MSH is Helping Ethiopia Eliminate TB

A key component of the USAID Eliminate TB Project’s approach is working to increase access to early TB diagnosis and treatment for patients. To do so, the project focuses on expanding and improving laboratory services by providing state-of-the-art GeneXpert machines to health facilities throughout the country and training laboratory technicians on their use. 

Improving Access to Patient-Centered Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Management Services in Ethiopia

Despite the progress made so far, drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) case finding remains inadequate and low. One of the main enduring challenges is the insufficient implementation of first-line and second-line drug susceptibility testing, resulting in the number of DR-TB patients that are detected and enrolled in treatment falling consistently below expectations. This technical brief explores how the USAID Eliminate TB Project team is helping hospitals in Ethiopia improve this vital function.