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How to Cost Immunization Programs: A practical guide on primary data collection and analysis, offers practical methodological guidance for country immunization program staff and their consultants and technical teams planning to carry out exercises that involve primary data collection focused on assessing the costs of routine immunization services, including the delivery costs of those services, th

Accurate immunization delivery costs are necessary for assessing the cost-efectiveness and strategic planning needs of immunization programs. From a database of empirical immunization costing studies, we extracted estimates of the delivery cost per dose for routine childhood immunization services, excluding vaccine costs. We estimated the prediction model using the results from 29 individual studies, covering 24 countries. The predicted economic cost per dose for routine delivery of childhood vaccines (2018 US dollars), not including the price of the vaccine, was $1.87 (95% uncertainty interval $0.64–4.38) across all LMICs. By individual cost category, the programmatic economic cost per dose for routine delivery of childhood vaccines was $0.74 ($0.26–1.70) for labor, $0.26 ($0.08–0.67) for supply chain, $0.22 ($0.06–0.57) for capital, and $0.65 ($0.20–1.66) for other service delivery costs. The cost estimates from this analysis provide a broad indication of immunization delivery costs that may be useful when accurate local data are unavailable.

Evidence on immunization economics is a critical input for country immunization programs, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) with government- and donor-funded vaccination programs. This evidence allows programs to budget for current services, plan for new vaccine introduction, and evaluate the efficiency of service delivery strategies.

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) asserts that midwives could deliver up to 87 percent of the world’s reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health services if properly trained and equitably deployed.

Providing maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) services in rural locations in developing countries can be a significant challenge due to community isolation, poor infrastructure, and rare or inadequate health worker training.To support the implementation of MNCH service delivery improvement projects, the USAID-funded, MSH-led Leadership, Management, and Governance (LMG) Project integrated a

Management of Sciences for Health, Inc. (MSH) is currently soliciting Expression of Interest (EOI) from qualified organizations to partner with MSH in designing the 'Strengthening the Financial Viability of TB Private Provider Support Agencies (PPSA) Program in India' project through the global Health Systems for Tuberculosis (HS4TB) program funded by USAID.

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