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Year Ended June 30, 2012, drawn from audited financial statements.

Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) is a component of Strengthening TB and HIV & AIDS Responses in Eastern Uganda (STAR-E), USAID project funded by the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

The first edition of the mHealth Compendium, published in November 2012, contains 35 case studies which document a range of mHealth applications. Developed to assist USAID missions access relevant mHealth information, this compendium offers project descriptions, publication references, and contact information for making further inquiries.

Summary Points Expansion of prevention of mother-to-child transmission in resource-limited settings remains a challenge. In many countries, most HIV-exposed infants do not benefit from PMTCT programs, which results in a 30% or more transmission rate.

Letter to the editor  Anna Coutsoudis and colleagues worry that international organisations have too hastily endorsed a strategy to provide lifelong triple antiretroviral therapy (ART), irrespective of CD4 count, to pregnant women with HIV in high-burden countries. This strategy for preventing mother-to-child transmission is called Option B+.

BackgroundThroughout Africa, the private sector plays an important role in malaria treatment complementing formal health services. However this sector is faced by a number of challenges including poor dispensing practices by unqualified staff.

A few underlying facts drove the decision to create a new society for health systems research (HSR). There is growing acknowledgement that health systems performance problems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are a major impediment to making more rapid progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and ensuring universal health coverage.

As doctors, nurses and public health professionals are promoted into management and leadership positions in resource-poor countries around the world, they are tasked with leading teams and managing drugs and financial and material resources.

Background and methodology: The Standard Days Method (SDM) is a fertility-awareness-based method of family planning that helps users to identify the fertile days of the reproductive cycle (days 8–19). To prevent pregnancy users avoid unprotected sexual intercourse during these days.

Background: The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that strengthening health systems, through improved leadership and management skills of health teams, can contribute to an increase in health-service delivery outcomes. The study was conducted in six provinces in the Republic of Kenya.

As HIV care services continue to scale-up in sub-Saharan Africa, adequate tuberculosis diagnostic capacity is vital to reduce mortality among HIV-infected persons.

This systematic review of 58 observational studies identified hypothetical causal mechanisms explaining the effects of short and long intervals between pregnancies on maternal, perinatal, infant, and child health, and critically examined the scientific evidence for each causal mechanism hypothesized.

As part of a collaborative effort by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through the Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival (USAID/BASICS) Project, MSH conducted a comprehensive analysis of child survival, maternal, newborn and child health, primary health care, and hospital costs in Cambodia.

Mobile health (mHealth) is the provision of health services and information via mobile and wireless technologies. Within Africa the mobile phone has become ubiquitous, making mHealth applications an important tool with which to impact the health of Africans. When applied correctly, mHealth can make real contributions to improved health outcomes.

Ms. Doris Ngozi Brendan, the Akwa Ibom State Program Manager, recently wrote a news article describing CUBS’ work to economically empower caregivers of vulnerable children in Nigeria.  This article was published on the Africare website. Africare is one of MSH’s subcontract partners on the CUBS project.

MSH believes that strong health systems are the best way to achieve health for all. In this report, we offer a glimpse of universal health coverage (UHC) as a framework for maximizing health impact.

There is growing awareness that well led and managed global health solutions are required to achieve effective and sustainable health programs, especially at the scale needed to attain Millennium Development Goals and other global targets. This compendium of case studies reviews the current evidence of the impact of leadership and management on health.

Management Sciences for Health’s Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project (BLC) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have written a series of technical briefs on priority HIV prevention topics.

Prepared by the AIDSTAR-Two project, this report documents the main changes resulting from a regional prevention program designed to meet the sexual health and HIV prevention needs of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Algeria, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia. As part of this program, the “Most Significant Change” approach was used understand the changes generated by the program.

Prepared by the USAID-funded AIDSTAR-Two project, this situational overview provides a detailed analysis of the response to the epidemic by associations and support groups of people living with HIV in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.

This technical brief developed by the AIDSTAR-Two project presents a framework that offers a simplified and systematic approach to organizational capacity building that most local implementers, especially those that provide HIV and AIDS services, can draw from to better fulfill or expand their mandates.

The NGO Communications Guide is designed to give those working in civil society organizations (CSOs) and other non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the areas of HIV and AIDS practical knowledge and tools to help them do two very specific things: One, learn to better tell the story of the work that they do; and two, develop an organizational communications plan.

In April, 2013, MSH’s TB CARE I team held an international workshop in Indonesia to share experiences on sustainable financing for TB, HIV/AIDS, and malaria control programs. Facilitators and participants attended from China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines, and Indonesia.

Africa is the fastest growing continent in the world— with a projected average economic growth rate of 6 percent from 2013-2015. Health is becoming increasingly important as economies grow. This brief explores the relationship between health, economic development and trade in Sub-Saharan Africa by reviewing available evidence taken from published research and data.

Because of the uncertainties and questions about health development in fragile and conflict-affected states, home to one-sixth of the world’s population, including whether and how it can advance state legitimacy or security, the United States Institute of Peace convened a two-day conference in June 2011—“Postconflict and Fragile States: Challenges for the Next Decade”&mdash

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