​Inequity, Fertility, and Economic Opportunity: Family Planning Makes a Difference

This technical brief presents analysis of the impact of differential fertility decline among wealth quintiles on population age structure in four African countries, the trajectory of these trends through 2050, and the impact on access to economic opportunity. Produced in collaboration with Avenir Health and the Health Finance and Governance project, findings suggest that if fertility decline is not accelerated across wealth quintiles, the resulting inequities could limit the realization of economic benefits for the country as a whole. Fertility decline should be considered a critical element of inclusive and sustained economic growth in Africa.