Determinant Factors Associated with Occurrence of Tuberculosis among Adult People Living with HIV after Antiretroviral Treatment Initiation in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A Case Control Study

Journal Article
  • K. T. Kibret
  • A. W. Yalew
  • B. G. Belaineh
  • M. M. Asres
PLoS One
2013 May 21; 8(5):e64488. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064488.

Increasing coverage of isoniazid preventive therapy and cotrimoxazole preventive therapy reduced risk of TB among HIV patients who started treatment. All people living with HIV should be screened for TB, but for patients who have advanced disease (WHO clinical stage III/IV, bedridden, and with hemoglobin level of 10 mg/dl), intensified screening is highly recommended during treatment follow-up.