USAID THRIVE Health Systems Strengthening Next (HSS NEXT)

USAID THRIVE Health Systems Strengthening Next (HSS NEXT)


Rwanda has made significant strides toward achieving universal health coverage; however, numerous challenges have slowed the country’s momentum in achieving this vision. Ongoing financial and structural issues have resulted in staffing shortages and inefficient use of resources, hindering the quality of available health care services. Cultural and social norms continue to perpetuate discriminatory practices that limit access to opportunities and equitable care for women and most-at-risk populations.

With support from USAID, MSH will work closely with the Government of Rwanda and partner organizations to strengthen the capacity, leadership, and resiliency of the country’s health system. Through the THRIVE Health Systems Strengthening Next (HSS NEXT) activity, we will help improve cost efficiency and resource allocation, build management and governance skills across the health system, and strengthen workforce optimization. The five-year project will be supported by an all-Rwandan, women-led, gender-diverse leadership team that is equipped with the skills and experience needed to bring us closer to achieving the Vision 2050 goals set by Rwandan leaders to provide equitable, high-quality health care to all Rwandans. HSS NEXT aims to build on the achievements of previous MSH-led projects in Rwanda to further improve health outcomes and create lasting change.

MSH will apply a holistic, sustainable systems thinking for health approach and engage with communities, civil society, and private-sector partners to:

  • Foster accountability through citizen engagement and effective governance 
  • Integrate data systems for better evidence-based decision making 
  • Strengthen allocation and use of financial and human resources  
  • Advance gender equity and social inclusion  
  1. News & Stories
  2. Resources

MSH Partners with the Government of Rwanda and USAID to Strengthen Health Systems through Sustainable Financing, Leadership Development, and Health Workforce Management

MSH has been selected to lead a new USAID-funded project to strengthen Rwanda’s health system. The five-year project, known as HSS NEXT, will improve health care financing, leadership, and workforce management.

Headshot of Anita Asiimwe
Anita Asiimwe

Chief of Party

Project Contact

Dr. Anita Asiimwe, MD, MSH’s Chief of Party of the USAID HSS NEXT project, has 20 years of experience improving health systems in Rwanda. A former Rwandan Minister of State in charge of public health and primary health care, Dr. Asiimwe is a leader in Rwanda’s health sector. 

Before joining MSH, Dr. Asiimwe led the Rwandan agency that developed and implemented national early childhood development strategies; co-led agencies that were responsible for setting strategies in multiple infectious disease areas, including HIV and AIDS; and was instrumental in developing the first national noncommunicable diseases policy and strategy. 

Dr. Asiimwe served as a Global Fund Board member representing the Eastern and Southern Africa Constituency and co-chaired the Global Fund Board Strategy, Investment, and Impact Committee. She is a founding member of the Africa Constituency Bureau, which supports African leadership in advocating for increased resources at the Global Fund to fight HIV and AIDS, TB, and malaria. Dr. Asiimwe is a medical doctor and holds a master’s in public health from the University of Dundee in the United Kingdom. 

Donors & Partners


The United States Agency for International Development


Health Information Systems Program (HISP) Rwanda

Centre for Impact, Innovation, and Capacity building for Health Information Systems and Nutrition (CIIC-HIN)

PharmAccess Foundation