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The National Medicine Board was established in 2003 and then it was promoted to the National Medicines & Food Board (NMFB) in 2009. According to the Medicine Law (2008), the Board is the highest decision making entity on issues related to pharmaceuticals. Upon its expansion in 2009, the Board’s mandate was extended to include foodstuff.

Afghanistan has made remarkable improvements in health indicators since 2005. However, a wide range of barriers prevent rural communities in Afghanistan from accessing tuberculosis (TB) and other health services.

In 2017, with funding by UK Aid from the British people, Management Sciences for Health (MSH) launched the Lea Mimba project to address gaps in the quality of antenatal care (ANC) and to support women's and adolescents' use of maternal and newborn health services in Kakamega County, Kenya.

A civil society organisation (CSO) perspective on how UHC can be reached by 2030 Universal Health Coverage 2030 (UHC2030) MSH is the secretariat for the Civil Society Engagement Mechanism of UHC2030, a global movement to build stronger health systems for universal health coverage.

We are pleased to share this booklet that summarizes 10 of the best stories we’ve collected from the field. These narratives are a legacy to Madagascar’s health system and for future public health interventions in the country.

In this edition, you will read about MSH support to Society for Women and Children Living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria (SOWCHAN) advocacy march to the National Assembly on World Aids Day; how we are applying gender lens in Nigeria; and mitigating human resource gaps in general hospital Minna.

In this edition, you will read about MSH’s work in ensuring that Or- phans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) return to school in Nigeria, HIV Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) laboratory transitioned to the Global Fund and FHI360.

Building Success is a series of guides offering practical, concrete, and innovative approaches that have proven effective in strengthening the response to HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis in Nigeria. Each of the four guides can stand alone, but they will be most effective if used as components of an integrated package.

Community health volunteers (CHVs) in Madagascar serve as first-line health care providers for many communities located more than five kilometers from a basic health center (CSB). They provide routine services for family planning and maternal, newborn, and child health, and refer patients for appropriate higher-level services.

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem in the regions of East, Central, and Southern Africa (ECSA). Because TB is an airborne disease, its transmission is facilitated by the movement of people across internal and national borders.

Over six years (2011-2017), the USAID-funded Leadership, Management, and Governance (LMG) Project strengthened health systems to deliver more responsive services to more people.

The primary goal of the Challenge TB (CTB) project in Afghanistan is to assist the NTP to reach its strategic objective of increasing TB case notifications by at least 8% annually through comprehensive TB care and prevention activities.

In high TB- and HIV-burden settings, the two diseases reinforce each other and share common risk factors. Single, categorical services provided to persons with multiple, related risk factors miss opportunities to diagnose, treat, and prevent TB and/or HIV.

The Champion Community approach, which is owned and sustained at the health area level, was established by the Integrated Health Project (IHP) and IHPplus to encourage community members to decide on their health priorities and to teach them to sensitize their communities on those priority health issues.

The availability of timely, high-quality health data remains a challenge in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), despite some significant progress. DRC is a vast, landlocked country where the distances between health facilities, especially at different levels of the health system, are often great.

The DRC National Strategic Plan 2014-2020 outlines a multi-sectoral vision that aims to increase the modern contraceptive prevalence to 19% and provide access to and use of modern contraceptive methods to at least 2.1 million women by 2020.

In its National Health Development Plan 2016-2020, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) aims to reduce maternal deaths per 100,000 live births from 846 to 548 and to reduce infant and child mortality from 104 to 60 deaths per 1,000 births.

To treat infections in newborns and young infants (age 0 to 59 days), WHO recommends transferring them to a hospital and administering a regimen combining two injectable antibiotics, namely, penicillin or ampicillin, plus gentamicin for seven to ten days.

Strengthening information systems to support health data use is a critical component of quality improvement. In the past, research on quality of care has focused on the availability of resources and implementation of clinical guidelines, while often ignoring the regular metrics and monitoring systems used to inform decision making and manage improvement initiatives.

Bangladesh is one of the world’s high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries. According to World Health Organization’s 2017 Global TB Report, 38% of drug-sensitive and approximately 84% of drug-resistant patients are undiagnosed or unreported. The most infectious TB patients are these missing cases.

GxAlert is a web-based open-source data connectivity application that includes a system for data management designed to work with any diagnostic device that can connect to the internet or a mobile network.

Ethiopia is one of the most populous countries in Africa with a high TB burden across a wide geography. The national TB program has reached hundreds of thousands of cases and successfully treated them. However, health authorities believe that a third of cases have been missed in the community, development corridors, industries, and crowded settings, such as universities.

Blended learning is an approach that combines independent reading with short off-site training. Management Sciences for Health (MSH), under the guidance of the Ethiopia National TB Program and in partnership with the All-Africa Leprosy, Tuberculosis and Rehabilitation Training Center (ALERT), pioneered a blended learning approach for TB training in Ethiopia.

 Photo credit: Mark TuschmanVersion en français disponible à la suite de la version en anglais.REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS:  Small Grants Mechanism to Support Civil Society Engagement, Alignment, and Coordinated Action for Improved Women’s, Children’s, and Adolescents’ Health, Particularly in Relation to the Global Financing FacilityManagement Sciences for

Urban health facilities present particular challenges in TB service provision.

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