Timeline

50+ Years of Improving Health

  • 1971

    1971

    MSH began supporting family planning management with a first long-term project in South Korea, funded by USAID.
  • 1973

    1973

    MSH began work in Afghanistan to strengthen family planning and rural health services, a relationship that endures nearly 50 years later.

  • 1977

    1977

    The first list of essential medicines for global health conditions was published by the World Health Organization (WHO).

  • 1978

    1978

    The Alma Ata Declaration was announced at the International Conference on Primary Care, promoting health as a human right and calling for the establishment of primary health care worldwide.

  • 1981

    1981

    MSH publishes Managing Drug Supply, a seminal handbook documenting practical actions to help countries manage medicine supply systems.

  • 1983

    1983

    MSH is approaching a 40-year relationship working with Haiti working on rural health and helping provide access to primary health care services to nearly 50% of the population.

  • 1984

    1984

    A key conference in Bellagio, Italy, establishes the Task Force for Child Survival to increase immunization levels and promote effective measures for healthy children and families.

  • 1985

    1985

    MSH commences a groundbreaking commitment to leadership, management, and governance, assisting leaders and managers to develop skills in all areas of health systems.

  • 1986

    1986

    MSH publishes the International Drug Price Indicator Guide (later known as The International Medical Products Price Guide)—an essential reference for the procurement of pharmaceuticals.

  • 1986

    1986

    The US Centers for Disease Control began surveillance of maternal mortality.

  • 1987

    1987

    MSH starts working with Bangladesh to improve family planning by training staff and leaders to manage local programs and serves 4.5 million people.

  • 1990

    1990

    MSH enters into a 15-year relationship with the Philippines to improve family planning and child health services, develop a national health information system, and enroll low-income families in health insurance.

    As a strategy for promoting improved pharmaceutical use, MSH establishes the International Network for Rational Use of Drugs (INRUD) to improve medicines management.

  • 1990

    1990

    The United Nations Development Programme’s first Human Development Report shifted the focus of development initiatives to people-centered policies.

  • 1993

    1993

    MSH begins managing the worldwide Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival (BASICS) project, established by the Partnership for Child Health.

  • 1993

    1993

    WHO declares TB a world emergency.

  • 1997

    1997

    MSH begins work in post-apartheid South Africa to establish equitable, accessible primary health care services, including the prevention and treatment of HIV and AIDS.

  • 2000

    2000

    The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are adopted by the United Nations, including targets for improving maternal and child health, treating and preventing HIV and AIDS, and promoting gender equality.

  • 2002

    2002

    The newly established Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria approves 36 countries to receive its first round of grants.

  • 2003

    2003

    MSH starts work in Malawi to reduce child mortality and extend community-based care for HIV and AIDS, TB, malaria, and family planning.

  • 2003

    2003

    The US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)—a landmark US global AIDS response—is launched.

  • 2005

    2005

    In Rwanda, MSH launches performance-based financing programs for health services, dramatically increasing HIV testing, assisted births, and contraceptive use.

    MSH publishes Managers Who Lead: A Handbook for Improving Health Services, its seminal publication providing practical strategies and tools for health care managers.

  • 2005

    2005

    The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness establishes a plan to increase country ownership of development and encourage donors to focus on measurable results.

  • 2009

    2009

    The US announces its Global Health Initiative—a comprehensive strategy to strengthen health systems with a particular emphasis on woman- and girl-centered approaches.

  • 2010

    2010

    One day after the devastating earthquake in Haiti, MSH resumes regular delivery of antiretroviral drugs to AIDS patients and distributes more than 1 million family planning commodities in the month after the disaster.

  • 2011

    2011

    With Ethiopia, MSH completes Africa’s largest national expansion of HIV and AIDS services, reaching 33 million people by shifting health tasks from physicians to community providers.

    MSH supports Malawi to implement an ambitious and pioneering “test-and-treat” HIV strategy for pregnant and breastfeeding women, known as Option B+.

  • 2011

    2011

    MSH publishes the third edition of MDS-3: Managing Access to Medicines and Health Technologies, the world’s leading reference on managing essential medicines in developing countries.

  • 2013

    2013

    Private-sector drug sellers, also known as accredited drug dispensing outlets, have been scaled up in Tanzania, after expansion to Liberia, Uganda, and Bangladesh. Accredited outlets now serve tens of millions of people.

  • 2014

    2014

    On March 23, 2014, WHO reports cases of Ebola Virus Disease in the forested rural region of southeastern Guinea. The identification of these early cases marks the beginning of the West Africa Ebola epidemic, the largest in history.

    MSH assists local officials, community health workers, and public and private health care providers to respond to Ebola outbreaks while continuing to rebuild health systems and supply chains in affected countries, including Liberia and Democratic Republic of the Congo.

  • 2014

    2014

    UNAIDS and partners establish the 90-90-90 goals with the aim of diagnosing 90% of all HIV-positive persons, providing antiretroviral therapy for 90% of those diagnosed, and achieving viral suppression for 90% of those treated by 2020 (later revised to the 95-95-95 goals).

  • 2015

    2015

    The Global Health Security Agenda is launched to prevent, detect, and respond to emerging infectious disease threats, whether natural, accidental, or intentional.

    The MDGs are updated to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with emphasis on reaching the most vulnerable first. SDG 3 calls for ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all, including achieving universal health coverage (UHC).

  • 2016

    2016

    The FCI Program of MSH is launched, building on three decades of constructive activism, partnership, and capacity building by Family Care International, a leading global voice for women’s health and rights.

  • 2016

    2016

    The UN General Assembly hosts a high-level meeting on combating antimicrobial resistance.

  • 2017

    2017

    To respond to the high cost and low quality of medicines in Kenya, MSH launches MedSource, a private group purchasing organization. MedSource now facilitates the procurement of more than 1,000 health care products.

    MSH, Harvard University, Georgetown University, and the Stone Foundation assemble leading voices in global health security to discuss the state of the world’s readiness to fight the next epidemic.

  • 2017

    2017

    Africa CDC, a specialized institution of the African Union to support public health systems, is officially launched.

  • 2018

    2018

    The Bureau for Global Health ranks the USAID-funded Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) Program as 1 of the top 5 most useful USAID projects—out of a field of more than 150 projects.

    MSH continues a 40-year tradition of global excellence and innovation in pharmaceutical systems as it launches a new five-year global project, the USAID Medicines, Technologies, and Pharmaceutical Services (MTaPS) Program.

  • 2018

    2018

    Building on a history of improving the health of women and children in Nigeria, MSH launches the President’s Malaria Initiative for States (PMI-S) Project.

    Through the Accessible Continuum of Care and Essential Services (ACCESS) Activity, MSH continues to support the Government of Madagascar to accelerate health improvements for 16 million people.

  • 2018

    2018

    MSH is selected by the Joint Learning Network for Universal Health Coverage (JLN) Steering Group to serve as Network Manager under an agreement with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

    MSH begins hosting the Secretariat for the Civil Society Engagement Mechanism (CSEM) for UHC2030. CSEM endeavors to elevate civil society’s influence to ensure that UHC policies and programs are inclusive and equitable.

  • 2018

    2018

    The Declaration of Astana reinvigorates the global commitment to primary health care, first outlined in the 1978 Alma Ata Declaration.

  • 2019

    2019

    The earliest case of COVID-19 is reported in Wuhan, China, in November. The WHO Director General declares COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.

  • 2020

    2020

    USAID awards a major global program, Health Systems for Tuberculosis (HS4TB), to MSH and partners. HS4TB will continue supporting 23 countries’ efforts to strengthen health financing and governance of TB programs.

  • 2021

    2021

    MSH continues to support the COVID-19 response in the countries where we work by assisting them with infection prevention and control, risk communication and community engagement, commodity and supply chain management, and surveillance and information systems.

  • 2021

    2021

    The UK hosts the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of Parties in Glasgow to accelerate action toward the goals of the Paris Agreement and the UN Framework Convention of Climate Change.

Indicates Global Health milestones

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